Iran is a huge nation inside the Greater Middle East and is a piece of the South-Central Asian Union, between the Gulf of Oman, the Persian Gulf, and the Caspian Sea. It is flanked by Iraq toward the west, Turkey, Azerbaijan's Naxcivan enclave, Armenia, and Azerbaijan toward the northwest, Turkmenistan toward the upper east, Afghanistan and Pakistan toward the east. Known as Persia until 1935 in the western world, though the indigenous name has been Iran for eternity. Iran turned into an Islamic republic in 1979 after the decision Shah was constrained into outcast. Preservationist administrative powers therefore squashed Westernization and furthermore any liberal or left-wing impacts. Key current issues influencing the nation incorporate the pace of tolerating outside modernizing impacts, compromise between administrative control of the system and mainstream interest in government, and across the board requests for change. Swelling and joblessness (especially among youth) are major financial difficulties.